why is palestine and israel fighting

Historical Conflict

The conflict between Palestine and Israel is deeply rooted in historical disputes and territorial claims dating back to the late 19th century.

Land Disputes

One of the primary reasons for the ongoing conflict is the struggle over land and boundaries, with both sides claiming ownership of the same territory.


Nationalistic sentiments on both sides have fueled the conflict, with each group seeking self-determination and sovereignty.

Political Factors

Political decisions and negotiations, such as the Balfour Declaration and the Oslo Accords, have played a significant role in the conflict's escalation.

Security Concerns

Israel often cites security concerns as a reason for its military presence in the West Bank and Gaza Strip.


The construction of Israeli settlements in the occupied territories has been a major point of contention and source of conflict.

International Involvement

The involvement of various international entities and countries in the conflict, either through diplomacy or military support, has added complexity to the situation.